The coastal vegetation of Iceland

Coastal vegetation is shaped by the coastal terrain and salinity as well as amount and frequency of flooding by the sea. Here, you observe coastal plants well adjusted to saline soils and often growing as succulents. Lyme Grass (Leymus arenarius) as well as many weeds are found on the dunes; Lyme Grass is often sown into sandy dunes for the purpose of land restoration. Lower on the beach you find sea weeds.

Salt marshes are a special vegetation type by the sea, salt marshes are only found where the sea floods the vegetation and there are muddy river deposits, Common Saltmarsh-grass (Puccinellia maritima) is characteristic of salt marshes in south Iceland. The dominant vegetation is interspersed with scattered patches of Fiorin (Agrostis stolonifera) and Sea Plantain (Plantago maritima). Eel-grass (Zostera marina) grows further on the muddy bottom of shallow sea.

Recent Articles

  1. Botanical Tours

    Aug 04, 20 12:58 PM

    Customized tours guiding you through the native vegetation of Iceland, enjoying the nature and beauty of Iceland.

    Read More

  2. Botany News articles

    Jul 26, 20 12:20 PM

    Botany News articles - educational material

    Read More

  3. Botany and geology: Snæfellsnes - Booking

    Jul 23, 20 08:55 AM

    Botany and geology: Snæfellsnes - Booking

    Read More







We provide all the vitamins, minerals and supplements you need to achieve a personal, balanced diet
COLOKO - Welcome to the world of colour, comfort and style. Our fabulous new collection of flip flops, sandals and shoes will brighten up your day
Swarovski Jewellery Earrings Bangles Bracelets Necklaces from Destiny


Leading supplier of rattan garden furniture, and sofa set, offering a modern and elegant range of furniture sets available at great deals
Aluminium Fruit and Vegetable Cages from Gardening Naturally
Natural Health, Organic and Beauty Products by Natures Healthbox