The flora of Iceland: ancient or recent?

Iceland is situated in the North Atlantic between the continents of Europe and North America. Greenland is the nearest country, the nearest point being 300 km away. While, the coasts of Norway 1000km, Scotland 800 m, and Ireland are considerably further away. Opinions differ on the origin of the flora and how the plants arrived here. Some species of plants were likely carried across the ocean by birds while others drifted by ocean currents or were carried here by high winds. There is some controversy over how many plants species re-established from ice-free mountain peaks, nunataks, after the ice age. However, plants are also thought to have colonized Iceland after the ice age, some perhaps with the settlers of Iceland and transport to the country during the last millennium.

The composition of the Icelandic flora is similar to the Scandinavian flora. However, there are fewer species here and some plants here originate in North America. In the future more plant species are predicted to colonize Iceland and to be carried here by humans and natural forces.

Recent Articles

  1. Botanical Tours

    Aug 04, 20 12:58 PM

    Customized tours guiding you through the native vegetation of Iceland, enjoying the nature and beauty of Iceland.

    Read More

  2. Botany News articles

    Jul 26, 20 12:20 PM

    Botany News articles - educational material

    Read More

  3. Botany and geology: Snæfellsnes - Booking

    Jul 23, 20 08:55 AM

    Botany and geology: Snæfellsnes - Booking

    Read More







We provide all the vitamins, minerals and supplements you need to achieve a personal, balanced diet
COLOKO - Welcome to the world of colour, comfort and style. Our fabulous new collection of flip flops, sandals and shoes will brighten up your day
Swarovski Jewellery Earrings Bangles Bracelets Necklaces from Destiny


Leading supplier of rattan garden furniture, and sofa set, offering a modern and elegant range of furniture sets available at great deals
Aluminium Fruit and Vegetable Cages from Gardening Naturally
Natural Health, Organic and Beauty Products by Natures Healthbox